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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.內政部戶政司(2006),近年我國老年人口統計資料,內政部統計處。
  2. 5.行政院衛生署(2002),中華民國九十年版公共衛生年報,行政院衛生署,台北。
  3. 6.吳淑瓊,張明正(1997),「台灣老人的健康照護分析」,台大公共衛生研究所
  4. 8.吳淑瓊(1999),「台灣建構社區成長期照護體系的問題與對策」,於中華民國長期照護協會主辦,一九九九年老人社區照護資源運用、開發與整合座談會講義•台北:行政院衛生署。
  5. 9.吳淑瓊、江東亮(1995),「台灣地區長期照護的問題與對策」,《中華衛誌》,14(3),頁246- 254。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤思雅(2007)。從美國之經驗及制度檢視台灣護理之家照護品質之評量機制。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2007。1-107。
  2. 林京慧(2009)。護理之家之機構主管對照護品質指標認同觀點之研究-以中部地區為例。亞洲大學長期照護研究所在職專班學位論文。2009。1-156。
  3. 江滿(2010)。中彰投地區護理之家工作人員對98年護理之家評鑑指標看法。亞洲大學長期照護研究所在職專班學位論文。2010。1-62。
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