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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] H.M. Ye, F.T. Dai, Y.T. Yan, ” Elder patients with diabetes mellitus”, Medical Professionals Journal in Taiwan, 44(3) p27-28, 2001.
  2. [3] Bureau of National Health Insurance, “National Health Insurance Annual Statistical Report”, 2003.
  3. [4]. American Diabetes Association (ADA), “Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus”, Diabetes Care, 28:S37-S42, 2005.
  4. [6] Bureau of National Health Insurance, “Report of diabetes medical service quality”, 2004.
  5. [7] E.C. Philip, N.D. Stephen, and S. Harry, “Economic Costs of Diabetes in the U.S. in 2002”, American Diabetes Association (ADA), Diabetes Care 26: 917-932, 2003.
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高秀娥(2007)。影響呼吸器依賴病患家屬選擇呼吸照護病房因素及滿意度調查。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-181。 
  2. 許美雅(2014)。產後護理機構的需求評估--以嘉義長庚紀念醫院為例。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2014。1-79。 
  3. 陳韻帆(2008)。臺灣當代都會女性的坐月飲食與消費現象初步研究。臺灣大學人類學研究所學位論文。2008。1-105。 
  4. 黃光大(2007)。以聯合分析法設計坐月子中心服務。臺灣大學高階公共管理組學位論文。2007。1-75。 
  5. 田聖芳(2006)。台灣婦女產後照護之變遷—以北部地區為例。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2006。1-246。 
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