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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. The European Council, 2000, “Directive 2000/53/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 September 2000 on End-of-life Vehicles”, Official Journal of the European Communities.
  2. 2. 2002, “Environmental Impact of End-of Life Vehicles: An Information Paper”, A Publication of the Commonwealth Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australia.
  3. 4. Barnett, M. W. and Miller, C. J., 2000, “Analysis of the Virtual Enterprise Using Distributed Supply Cchain Modeling and Simulation: an Application of E-SCOR”, Proceedings of the 2000 Winter Simulation Conference, pp. 352-355.
  4. 5. Bellmann, K. and Khare, A., 2000, “Economic Issues in Recycle End-of-life Vehicles”, Technovation, Vol. 20, pp. 677-690.
  5. 6. Blackburn, J. D. et al., 2004, “Reverse Supply Chains for Commercial Returns”, California Management Review, Vol. 46, pp. 5-22.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施瓊雯(2014)。以隨機規劃模式探討考量運輸風險下之綠色供應鏈網路設計問題。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-110。 
  2. 劉彩娥(2010)。運用醫療失效模式與效應分析於呼吸管路安全之改善。中臺科技大學醫護管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-110。 
  3. 蔡爵臣(2007)。綠色供應鏈EuP規劃參考模式--以碎紙機產業為例。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-87。
  4. 王惟志(2011)。廢棄機車回收廠區位選址之研究。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2011。1-102。
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