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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 158 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于宗先(2005):〈觀光業是創造就業機會最大的產業〉,《經濟前瞻》,第97期,頁14-18。
  2. 王素彎(2006):〈台灣文化創意產業的發展〉,《經濟前瞻》。第107期,頁45-52。
  3. 王鴻楷、林錫銓(2004):〈921災後觀光產業重建政策之永續性研究〉,《都市與計畫》,第2期,頁143-166。
  4. 古宜靈(2005):〈文化政策與文化產業的反省〉,《立德學報》,第1期,頁109-122。
  5. 古宜靈、辛晚教(1997):〈文化生活圈與文化設施發展之研究〉,《都市與計畫》,第1期,頁43-68。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾瑋芬(2011)。桃園縣大溪鎮仁和里社區耕作實踐之行動研究。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2011。1-151。 
  2. 簡仕泓(2012)。大溪傳統木器製造業關鍵成功因素之研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2012。1-109。 
  3. 楊蕙如(2009)。宗教型非營利組織推廣生命教育初探:以財團法人福智文教基金會為例。元智大學資訊社會學研究所學位論文。2009。1-169。
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