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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡幼慧,1996,《質性研究》。台北:巨流。
  2. Edward W. Said著、王志弘等譯,1999,《東方主義》。台北:立緒文化。
  3. Eric J. Hobsbawn著、李金梅譯,1997,《民族與民族主義》。台北:麥田。
  4. 王錠堯,2003,〈青少年體能商與學業成績的關係研究〉。《青少年體能商與學業成績的關係研究》1:174-186。
  5. 林琨瀚,2004,《不同水準棒球選手打擊反應時間與手眼協調反應之研究》。中國文化大學運動教練研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佳儀(2007)。媒體素養教育之教學指引架構發展-以「轉化媒介再現刻板印象」為例。政治大學廣播電視學研究所學位論文。2007。1-237。
  2. 邱韻竹(2008)。社會結構因素與原住民運動選擇之探討-以棒球運動為例。元智大學社會系學位論文。2008。1-100。
  3. 林文蘭(2010)。棒球作為「原�圓夢階梯」:教育體制、文化創生與社會階序繁衍。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2010。1-358。
  4. 莊珮琪(2010)。職棒球員身體資本之形成及其轉化。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-148。
  5. 林奕志(2010)。想像的強壯身體與脆弱身體-從STS的觀點看台灣棒球投手調度觀念的演進。政治大學社會學研究所學位論文。2010。1-169。
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