Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀珍、盧美秀(1998)?護理人員工作相關灌能之探討─比較護理人員實際感受與期望間之差異?護理研究,6(1),19-29。
  2. 王曼溪(1999)?住院老人生活品質之探討?榮總護理,16(4),409-417。
  3. 江季蓁、駱麗華(2002)?新診斷白血病兒童住院期間主要照顧者之生活品質?護理雜誌,49(2),42-49。
  4. 行政院內政部(2000,89.3/25-4/30)?中華民國八十九年臺閩地區老人狀況調查摘要分析?內政統計諮詢服務網?取自
  5. 行政院內政部(2001,90.6/21-7/11)?中華民國九十年臺閩地區國民生活狀況調查摘要分析?內政統計諮詢服務網?取自
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊雅貴(2015)。探討台灣年長者社會支持對工具性日常生活功能改變之影響。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2015。1-80。 
  2. 王卿蘭(2005)。老人長期照護機構服務品質與生活品質之研究-以台北縣為例。臺灣大學醫療機構管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-125。 
  3. 柯麗媺(2004)。養護機構住民生活品質及其相關因素之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2004。1-188。 
  4. 傅櫻梅(2006)。改善長期照護機構住民照護品質之探討-以白木耳食療處理便秘問題為例。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2006。1-0。
  5. 黃俊豪(2006)。高職資料處理科學生網路成癮相關因素及其影響之探討。中央大學資訊管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-78。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :