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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王怡文(1999)?精神官能症病患照顧者的負荷及其相關因素之探討?未發表的碩士論文,台北:長庚大學。
  2. 王文玲(1992)?與慢性病共存─慢性病患者家庭的需要?護理雜誌,39(3),25-30。
  3. 牟秀善(1996)?社會工作者如何協助慢性精神病患主要照顧者之疾病管理?社區發展季刊,67,113-119。
  4. 行政院衛生署(2001)?主要死因死亡率變動?衛生統計動向,2.2。
  5. 吳就君(1999)?感受充份關懷之情?於楊延光著,杜鵑窩的春天-精神疾病照顧手冊(pp.8-9),台北:張老師。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉靜燕(2011)。臺北市自殺企圖者自殺防治網絡運作圖像之研究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2011。1-128。 
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