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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 劉文良,盧瑞芬,吳淑瓊. 長期照護需求量表的建立─SF-36中文版,行政院衛生署八十七年度科技發展計劃研究報告.
  2. 2. Allison PJ. Health-related quality of life comparisons in French and English-speaking populations. Community Dental Health 2001; 18(4): 214-8.
  3. 3. Allison PJ. Alcohol consumption is associated with improved health-related quality of life in head and neck cancer patients. Oral Oncol 2002; 38(1):81-6.
  4. 4. American Cancer Society Workshop Conference on Methodology in Behavioral and Psychosocial Research. Cancer 1984; 53 (Suppl): 2217-384.
  5. 5. Annual report 1999, Formosa Cancer Foundation.
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周依亭(2013)。伴侶溝通模式、關係品質對頭頸部癌適應之影響歷程。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-145。 
  2. 黃淑如(2013)。頭頸部癌患者的害怕復發、因應型態與健康相關生活品質、創傷後成長間關係之追蹤研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-117。 
  3. 胡倖慈(2010)。台灣地區成年人不食用早餐的習慣與肥胖及健康相關生活品質之相關性。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-50。 
  4. 方圓媛(2010)。口腔及口咽癌患者於治療後身體活動狀況探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-85。 
  5. 王悅馨(2006)。口腔癌患者手術後其社會支持與生活品質之關係探討。臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系學位論文。2006。1-108。
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