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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 163 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Alcalay, J., Freeman, S.E., Goldberg, L.H., and Wolf, J.E. (1990). Excision repair of pyrimidine dimers induced by simulated solar radiation in the skin of patients with basal cell carcinoma. J. Invest. Dermatol. 95, 506-509.
  2. Aldaz, C.M., Conti, C.J., Klein-Szanto, A.J.P., and Slaga, T.J. (1987). Progressive dysplasia and aneuploidy are hallmarks of mouse skin papillomas: relevance to malignancy. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 84, 2029-2032.
  3. Ananthaswamy, H.N., and Pierceall, W.E. (1990). Molecular mechanisms of ultraviolet radiation carcinogenesis. Photochem. Photobiol. 52, 1119-1136.
  4. Andrew, A.S., Karagas, M.R., and Hamilton, J.W. (2003). Decreased DNA repair gene expression among individuals exposed to arsenic in US drinking water. Int. J Cancer 104, 263-268.
  5. Asahina, H., Kuraoka, I., Shirakawa, M., Morita, E.H., Miura, N., Miyamoto, I., Ohtsuka, E., Okada, Y., and Tanaka, K. (1994). The XPA protein is a zinc metalloprotein with an ability to recognize various kinds of DNA damage. Mutat. Res. 315, 229—237.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭怡君(2006)。大蒜精油活性成分對人類皮膚癌與肺癌細胞生長之影響及其抑制機轉之探討。臺灣大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2006。1-98。 
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