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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 137 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 第七章 參考文獻
  2. 中文部分
  3. 丁惠曾、胡慧林、李淑瓊、萬熙玫、蘇碧惠、黃月琴(1991)•心導管檢查錄影帶教前後患者認知及焦慮程度之探討•榮總護理,8(2),179-186。
  4. 丁賢偉、詹前隆(2009)•互動式衛生教育系統對下背痛衛生教育之效果•醫護科技期刊,11(4),235-247。
  5. 王全益(1993)•突破傳統教學之心路歷程-電腦多媒體教學•菁莪季刊,5(4),45-48。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡曉婷(Shian-Ting Tsai);周汎澔(Fan-Hao Chou)(2012)。多媒體護理指導緩解冠狀動脈成形術後心肌梗塞病患焦慮及疾病不確定感之成效。護理雜誌。59(4)。43-53。 
  2. 陳佩君(2016)。以劇場理論探討焦慮與信任對服務價值感的影響-以檢查病人為例。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-97。
  3. 陳美如(2017)。以多媒體護理指導介入對印尼籍看護執行鼻胃管照護之成效探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2017。1-94。
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