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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱逸民.(2001). 急性下背痛西醫醫療利用分析. 私立中國醫藥學院醫務管理研究.
  2. 吳肖琪, 吳義勇, 朱慧凡, 林嘉彥, 李鐘祥, 張錦文&藍忠孚. (2002). 我國醫院醫療品質指標使用之情形. 醫療品質,2(2),1-14.
  3. 吳佩芬.(2012). 門診高使用率,指定就醫方案啟用. 全民健康保險雙月刊,95,26-29.
  4. 李玉華.(2002). 醫院評鑑對護理品質之影響. 私立高雄醫學大學公共衛生學研究所學位論文未出版之碩士論文.
  5. 李芝嫻.(2009). 下背痛病人使用中西醫情形之比較-以中部某地區醫院為例. 私立亞洲大學健康管理研究所未出版之碩士論文.
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