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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 孟憲紓,中成藥分析,人民衛生出版社,1998,pp.58-60,中國北京。
  2. 2. 闞建全,食品化學,新文京出版社,2006,台灣台北。
  3. 3. 行政院衛生署中華藥典編修小組,中華藥典第五版補篇(中藥集)附錄,行政院衛生署編印,2003,pp.15-16,台灣台北。
  4. 4. 日本公定書協會監修,第十四次改正日本藥局方解說書 v.1-4,廣川書店,2001,日本東京。
  5. 5. 國家藥典委員會編,中華人民共合國藥典2005年版一部,化學工業出版社,2005,中國北京。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡銘輝(2013)。中藥濃縮製劑之濃縮率標示及其相關品質評估。中國醫藥大學藥學系博士班學位論文。2013。1-79。
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