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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考資料
  2. 中文參考資料
  3. 戴秀津, 楊美賞, & 顏正芳 (2003). 台灣南部青少年台灣南部青少年網路成癮及其對身心健康影響之探討. 慈濟醫學, 16, 241-248.
  4. 游森期 (2003). 台灣地區大學生人格特質,網路成癮,憂鬱與焦慮之結構方程式模式檢定. 教育與心理研究, 26, 501-525.
  5. 英文參考資料
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林雅莉(2010)。大學生網路成癮之認知人際治療團體研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-91。 
  2. 李佳蓁(2006)。高職學生網路成癮相關因素及學習成就之探討。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-84。
  3. 蔡博忠(2008)。台東縣高中職學生父母管教態度、自我控制能力與網路偏差行為傾向之相關研究。臺東大學教育學系教學科技碩士班學位論文。2008。1-150。
  4. 林佩瑩(2010)。臺北縣高職生網路使用情況、網路使用動機與網路成癮之調查研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-336。
  5. 張鴻成(2010)。國中生線上遊戲成癮及偏差行為相關之研究-以台北縣為例。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2010。1-103。
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