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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bailly JL, Brosson D, Archimbaud C, Chambon M, Henquell C, and Helene PL. (2002) Genetic Diversity of echovirus 30 during a meningitis outbreak, demonstrated by direct molecular typing from cerebrospinal fluid. JMV 68 : 558-567.
  2. Bourlet T, Gharbi J, Omar S, Aouni M, Pozzetto B. (1998) Comparison of a rapid culture method combining an immunoperoxidase test and a group specific anti-VP1 monoclonal antibody with conventional virus isolation techniques for routine detection of enteroviruses in stools. JMV 54 : 204-209.
  3. Carron N, Geoffrey BC. (1999) A study of Enterovirus Isolation in Glasgow From 1977 to 1997. JMV 58 : 304-312.
  4. Chonmaitree T, Menegus MA, Powell kR. (1982) The clinical relevance of “CSF viral culture”: a two year experience with aseptic meningitis in Rochester, NY. JAMA 43 : 1843-1847
  5. Committee on the ECHO Viruses. (1995) Enteric cytopathogenic human orphan (ECHO) viruses. Science 122 : 1187-1188.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾筑君(2009)。影響腸病毒感染重症通報確診病例之因子 ---以法定傳染病通報系統為例。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-46。
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