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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱淑齡(2007)•一位急性淋巴性白血病病患接受化學治療之護理經驗•長庚護理,18(4),624-632。
  2. 許淑蓮、黃秀梨(1996)• Mishel疾病不確定感量表之中文版測試•護理研究,4(1),59-68。
  3. 連金延、陳淑慧、蔡佩嬪、陳康敏、謝雅宜、梁穎(2010)•首次接受化學治療乳癌婦女介入護理指導後不確定感、焦慮及自我照顧之成效探討•護理雜誌,57(6),51-60。
  4. 楊惠玲、張秀能(2007)•子宮頸癌復發病患面臨不確定感之護理經驗•護理雜誌,54(4)。doi: 101-105. doi: 10.6224/JN.54.4.101
  5. 蔡宗志、蕭旭峰、張書展、黃文聰、曹朝榮、林紋麗…羅張?維滿]2013)•大腸直腸癌篩檢與健康行為相關因素研究-以南部某區域醫院為例•醫院雙月刊,46(4),23-31。
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