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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Borrayo, E., & Guarnaccia, C. (2000). Differences in Mexican-Born and U.S.-Born Women of Mexican Descent Regarding Factors Related to Breast Cancer Screening Behaviors. Health Care for Women International, 21(7), 599-613.
  2. Decruyenaere, M., Evers-Kiebooms, G., Welkenhuysen, M., Denayer, L., & Claes, E. (2000). Cognitive representations of breast cancer, emotional distress and preventive health behaviour: a theoretical perspective. Psycho-Oncology, 9(6), 528-536.
  3. Grunfeld, E., Ramirez, A., Hunter, M., & Richards, M. (2002). Women's knowledge and beliefs regarding breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer, 86(9), 1373-1378.
  4. Haji-Mahmoodi, M., Montazeri, A., Jarvandi, S., Ebrahimi, M., Haghighat, S., & Harirchi, I. (2002). Breast Self-Examination: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Among Female Health Care Workers in Tehran, Iran. Breast Journal, 8(4), 222-225.
  5. MacDonald, D., Sarna, L., Uman, G., Grant, M., & Weitzel, J. (2006). Cancer Screening and Risk-Reducing Behaviors of Women Seeking Genetic Cancer Risk Assessment for Breast and Ovarian Cancers. Oncology Nursing Forum, 33(2), E27-E35.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃苡婕(2015)。微形手術刀導管沖壓製程分析。虎尾科技大學機械與機電工程研究所在職專班學位論文。2015。1-75。 
  2. 劉家鳳(2015)。探討45-69歲女性對乳癌防治之知識、態度及行為。中山大學企業管理學系醫務管理碩士班學位論文。2015。1-89。
  3. 陳佩瑜(2016)。以PRECEDE模式探討醫療機構女性員工乳癌篩檢意圖及行為之相關影響因素。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-106。
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