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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bain, L. Preceptorship: a review of the literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing 1996; 24(1): 104-107.
  2. Barron, D., West, E. Reeves, R. Tied to the job: affective and relational components of nurse retention. Journal Health Service Research Policy 2007; 12(1) S1: 46-51.
  3. Benner, P. From novice to expert: Excellence and power in clinical nursing practice. 1984 MenloPark,CA:Addison Wesley.
  4. Boyer, S. A. Competence and innovation in preceptor development: updating our program Journal for Nurses in Staff Development 2008; 24(2): E1-E6.
  5. Brown, S. T. Faculty and student perceptions of effective clinical teachers. Journal for Nurses in Education 1981; 20(9) : 4-15.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳麗梅(2011)。護理臨床教師角色能力量表之發展與測試。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-150。 
  2. 黃靖(2011)。護理臨床教師對新進人員輔導效能知覺與其輔導意願相關性研究。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-110。 
  3. 邢益琴(2017)。臨床研究護理師指導新進人員意願之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2017。1-141。 
  4. 尹裕君(Yu-Chun Yin)(2013)。二年期護理師(護士)訓練計畫實施之現況與我見。護理雜誌。60(3)。11-16。 
  5. 仲偉靜(2016)。人力留任策略對教學醫院護理人員工作滿意度的影響。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-152。
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