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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 133 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王蔚芸、王桂芸、湯玉英(2007).焦慮之概念分析.長庚護理,18(1),59-67。
  2. 戈伊莉(2002).產後疲憊與身心情境因素之相關性.未發表的博士論文,台北:國立台灣師範大學衛生教育學系。
  3. 戈依莉、楊綺儷、蔣立琦(2008).坐月子期間執行產後運動對改善產婦疲憊和憂鬱感之成效.護理研究,16(3),177-186。
  4. 杜惠娟(2006).耳穴按壓對心律變異性之成效探討.未發表的碩士論文,台中:中國醫藥大學護理研究所。
  5. 李碧娥、林秋菊(2002).疲憊的概念分析?P長庚護理,13(4),339-344。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡素華(2012)。耳穴壓貼對剖腹產婦女產後初期焦慮、疲憊之成效。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-69。 
  2. 曾雅玲(Ya-Ling Tzeng);郭淑瑜(Shu-Yu Kuo);蔡素華(Su-Hua Tsai)(2013)。生產疲憊:一個重要卻常被忽略的症狀。護理雜誌。60(6)。16-21。 
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