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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 189 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王佳慧、李碧霞、鄭綺、高靖秋、楊勤熒、蔡仁貞(2006).護理人員疲倦/活力度、健康促進生活型態與健康相關生活品質之研究.新臺北護理期刊,8(1),7-16。
  2. 王秀紅(2000).老人的健康促進-護理的涵義.護理雜誌,47(1),19-23。
  3. 王智弘、王守仁、詹益智、陳正文(2007).由習慣性打鼾的男性患者之頸圍及腰圍預測阻塞性睡眠呼吸中止症.臺灣耳鼻喉頭頸外科雜誌,42,177-185。
  4. 王惠玲、江慧玲、莊峻鍠、蔡培癸(2005).糖尿病中老年患者生活品質及其相關因素之探討.長庚護理,16(4),390-401。
  5. 王雪鳳、唐婉如、劉雪娥、曾士婷、陳宇嘉、劉麗芳(2008).糖尿病患疾病特徵與生活品質相關因素之探討---臺灣中部某區域醫院之報告.中華民國暨糖尿病學會會刊,21(3),1-15。
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