Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國醫師公會全國聯合會 (2006),執業醫師年齡暨性別統計。
  2. 行政院衛生署 (2009),97年衛生統計指標。
  3. 全國藥物不良反應通報系統 (2009),ADR歷年通報案件數,2009。
  4. 史明偉 (2002),老年人用藥安全之考量。藥學雜誌,18(3),16-24。
  5. 沈德依 (2008),社區老年人潛在性不適當用藥盛行率與相關因子之探討。台灣大學預防醫學研究所未出版碩士論。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹怡芳(2011)。老年人抗膽鹼藥物不適當用藥與不良結果之相關性研究。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-71。
  2. 孫韻雯(2012)。高血壓合併症特殊患者之禁忌用藥及其影響因素探討。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-67。
  3. 鄭為元(2017)。台灣老人抗膽鹼用藥與肺炎發生之相關性研究。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-56。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :