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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

    Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 3、陳瑩陵、龔心儀,建立台灣科學中藥處方學之迫切性,2012中醫藥研究論叢,2012;15 (1): 98-104。
    2. 13、林雅如,評估水活性檢測作為中藥材含水程度之指標,高雄醫藥大學藥學研究所藥學碩士論文,2007,台灣高雄: 1-16。
    3. 14、林琬容,以動態露點等溫線法推估中藥材之含水量,中國醫藥大學藥學系碩士班藥學碩士論文,2011,台灣台中:1-7。
    4. 15、AOAC, AOAC Official Method 978.18 Water Activity of Canned vegetables. 2005, Chapter 42: 1. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International, 18th ed., AOAC International, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
    5. 17、謝王昭昭、歐天賜、林哲輝、曾千芳,市售常用中藥濃縮製劑之稀醇抽提物及水抽提物含量調查,藥物食品檢驗局調查研究年報,1988;6: 157-159。
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