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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Rothwell P. Subgroup analysis in randomised controlled trials: importance, indications, and interpretation. Lancet. 2005;365(9454):176-186.
  2. 2. Rothwell P, Mehta Z, Howard S, Gutnikov S, Warlow C. From subgroups to individuals: general principles and the example of carotid endarterectomy. Lancet. 2005;365(9455):256-265.
  3. 3. Summerskill W. Evidence-based practice and the individual. Lancet. 2005;365(9453):13-14.
  4. 4. Chae H, Lyoo IK, Lee SJ, Cho S, Bae H, Hong M, Shin M. An alternative way to individualized medicine: psychological and physical traits of sasang typology. J Altern Complement Med. 2003;9(4):519-528.
  5. 7. Tan S, Tillisch K, Bolus SR, Olivas TI, Spiegel BM, Naliboff B, Chang L, Mayer EA. Traditional Chinese medicine based subgrouping of irritable bowel syndrome patients. Am J Chin Med. 2005;33(3):365-379.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖永澄(2015)。探討高血壓及無高血壓個案之中醫體質狀態及其相關因素。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-120。 
  2. 林建宏(2013)。太衝穴位按壓對高血壓患者輔助降低血壓成效之探討。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-96。 
  3. 張慈文(2011)。接受放射線治療癌症患者之中醫體質研究。中國醫藥大學中醫學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-59。 
  4. 呂玉安(2014)。癌症住院患者中醫輔助醫療之成效分析。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2014。1-81。 
  5. 王曉鈴(Hsiao‐Ling Wang);郭詩憲(Shih‐Hsien Kuo);周汎澔(Fan‐Hao Chou);陳麗糸(Lih‐Mih Chen);陳麗麗(Li‐Li Chen);林韋婷(Wei‐Ting Lin)(2013)。中醫陽氣虛體質量表信度與效度之檢測。護理暨健康照護研究。9(1)。3-12。 
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