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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁于齡(2006)•消化系統癌症惡病質患者營養、焦慮及感知能量之相關性研究•未出版碩士論文•高雄:高雄醫學大學。
  2. 王麗惠、劉芹芳(2007)•消化系統癌症俄病值病患的個人基本屬性、營養狀況與日常生活活動能力及生活品質之相關性•護理雜誌,54(3),33-42。
  3. 李芸湘、蔡芸方、賴裕和、高瑞和(2002)•肺癌病患在化學治療期間疲憊程度及其相關因素•台灣醫學,6(6),797-804。
  4. 李碧月、柯成國、李來涼、應純哲(2005)•衛生教育對肝癌化療病患心理社會調適之影響•福爾摩莎醫務管理雜誌,1(1),45-54。
  5. 林嘉慧、林麗英、吳杼雲、林瑞玲、張春梅(2006)•門診病人接受化學治療之症狀困擾與處置經驗•榮總護理,23(4),364-373。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳詩萍(2014)。檢視初次接受化學治療癌症老年病人壓力感受、因應行為與症狀困擾之相關性。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-115。 
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