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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 瞿海源(1999)。宗教。社會學與台灣社會,巨流圖書
  2. 古秋雲、蔡明田、陳建成(2008) 。服務品質與服務價值對顧客忠誠度影響效果之實證研究-以國立成功大學附設醫院健康檢查中心為例。醫務管理期刊,9(3)
  3. 司徒逹賢(1999)。非營利組織的經營管理。天下遠見
  4. 吳佩璟、劉彩卿( 2001)。全民健保下病患在各醫療層級間的就醫選擇-台北市小兒科病患為例。醫務管理期刊,2(2) ,87-108
  5. 陳仁惠、鄭仲興、方世杰(2004)。門診醫療服務品質與病患滿意度對於關係導向行為之影響。醫護科技學刊,7(2),187-202
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳雅琪(2014)。宗教型醫院公共空間室內裝修設計之比較研究。朝陽科技大學建築系建築及都市設計碩博士班學位論文。2014。1-115。
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