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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂碧鴻、陳秀蓉、高美英 (2006).醫學生之醫師同理心取向初探.醫學教育,10(4),276-282。
  2. 李慧鶯 (2001).同理的概念探究.護理雜誌,48(2),81-85。
  3. 吳志鴻 (2009).論醫療照護中關懷的模式.健康管理學刊,7(1),109-115。
  4. 吳宜芳 (2005).探討加護病房家屬對疾病末期病人醫療決策行為意向及其影響因素.未發表之碩士論文,臺北:臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。
  5. 周燕玉 (2006) .簽署不施行心肺復甦術同意書病患家屬對加護病房照護與醫療決策過程滿意度之初探.未發表之碩士論文,台北:臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江蓮瑩(2015)。加護病房護理人員的無效醫療經驗。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2015。1-95。 
  2. 何雪綾(2015)。社區醫療照護模式中末期患者家屬參與患者之「預立醫療計劃討論」的心理歷程特徵。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-172。 
  3. 陳新博(2011)。以台灣癌症登記為例建構相容於caBIG™技術之台灣區網格點。臺北醫學大學醫學資訊研究所學位論文。2011。1-84。
  4. 王淑演(2017)。成人加護病房家屬壓力感受與疾病末期醫療處置態度對DNR同意書簽署之探討。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2017。1-74。
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