Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Brown, D.M., Stone, V., Findlay, P., MacNee, W. & Donaldson, K. (2000). Increased inflammation and intracellular calcium caused by ultrafine carbon black is independent of transition metals or other soluble components. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 57, No. 10, pp. 685-91.
  2. Biswas,P., Wu, C.Y.(2005).Nanopaticles and the Environment. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, Vol. 55, No. 6, pp. 708-746.
  3. Cabada, J.C., Rees, S., Takahama, S., Khlystov, A., Pandis, S.N., Davidson, C.I. & Robinson, A.L. (2004). Mass size distributions and size resolved chemical composition of fine particulate matter at the Pittsburgh supersite. Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 38, No. 20, pp. 3127-3141.
  4. Chan, C.C., Chuang, K.J., Shiao, G.M. & Lin, L.Y. (2004). Personal exposure to submicrometer particles and heart rate variability in human subjects. Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 112, No. 10, pp. 1063-1067.
  5. Chang, L.P., Tsai, J.H., Chang, K.L. & Lin, J.J. (2008). Water-soluble inorganic ions in airborne particulates from the nano to coarse mode: a case study of aerosol episodes in southern region of Taiwan. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 291-303.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張維倫(2011)。金屬加工廠可呼吸性微粒質量濃度與奈米微粒數量濃度之暴露評估。中國醫藥大學職業安全與衛生學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-151。 
  2. 丁振洲(2015)。楠梓加工出口區空氣中細懸浮微粒(PM2.5)之季節性變化及重金屬特性分析。中山大學海洋環境及工程學系研究所學位論文。2015。1-85。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :