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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王春葉、林佑樺、李憶農、陳靖博、林耀信(2002).血液透析病患主要照顧者的負荷及其相關因素之探討.台灣腎臟護理學會研究,1(1),31-45。
  2. 呂如分(2005).中風病患主要照顧者生活品質及其相關因素之探討.長期照護雜誌,9(2),152-170。
  3. 吳宜珊(2006).「請讓我們更靠近」--老年男性配偶照顧者針對居家服務系統運用之主觀經驗.未發表的碩士論文,台北:台灣大學社會工作學系研究所。
  4. 吳涵瑜(2009).台灣地區老人經濟地位不一致與健康之相關性分析.未發表的碩士論文,台南:成功大學醫學院公共衛生學科暨研究所。
  5. 吳淑瓊、林惠生(1999).台灣功能障礙老人家庭照護的全國概況剖析.中華衛誌,18(1),44-53。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉姿慧(2015)。從情境到實境:高風險青少年參與體驗教育後之轉化歷程。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2015。1-129。 
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