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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 636 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秋玲、張正玉、林秀珠(2007)•高齡者手術護理•台灣醫學,11(3),289-292。
  2. 王蔚芸、王桂芸、湯玉英(2005)•焦慮之概念分析•長庚護理,18(1),59-67。
  3. 戈依莉(2002)•產後疲倦與身心情境因素之相關性•博士論文,台
  4. 北:國立台灣師範大學衛生教育學系。
  5. 戈依莉、呂昌明(2003)•產後疲倦與身心情境因素關係•衛生教育
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 利潔真(2015)。孕產期婦女睡眠品質之相關因素及其影響。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-88。 
  2. 白騏毓(2016)。早期下床對剖腹產產婦身心復原及哺餵方式之影響:觀察性研究。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-77。
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