Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王美文、黃珊、林佑樺(2006)•加護病房護理人員倫理困境及其相關因素之探討•長庚護理,17(3),263-274。
  2. 王俊文、葉德豐、曾坤儀(2003)•台灣醫院評鑑趨勢之探討,中山醫學雜誌,14(4),513-522。
  3. 王淑芳、洪志秀(2005)•領導管理之倫理關注•護理雜誌,5(25),51-57。
  4. 尹裕君(2008)•護理人力、病人安全與護理品質•榮總護理,25(4),350-356。
  5. 毛嘉舲、張珏(1996)•倫理困境與護理決策過程•護理雜誌,43(1),40-45。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳小晴(2013)。加護病房護理人員道德困擾及其相關因素之探討。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2013。1-115。 
  2. 黃竫茵(2017)。正念減壓課程運用於女性飲食困擾者之成效研究 -以研究參與者觀點探討。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2017。1-286。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :