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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

    Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 139 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王叢桂(1999).性別角色信念、家庭承諾、工作承諾與工作價值之關係.本土心理學研究,11,59-89。DOI︰10.6254/1999.11.59
    2. 王祥章(2005).結合居家治療與新一代抗精神病藥物長效針劑-慢性精神分裂症病患之治療模式.慈濟醫學,17(2),53-56。
    3. 王坤鈜(2012).以Erikson心理社會發展階段論談中年失業潮.家庭教育雙月刊,39,49-53。
    4. 王舒慧(2013).精神分裂症者疾病歷程: 患者及家屬觀點之分析(未發表的碩士論文).台中市:朝陽科技大學社會工作系研究所。
    5. 亓新彰、陳采蕙、許楨娟、曾雯琦(2007).認知行為治療應用於一位精神分裂症個案的護理經驗.護理雜誌,54(2),91-97。DOI︰10.6224/JN.54.2.91
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