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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳思慧(2008)。漫畫迷閱讀特質之研究。國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所碩士學位論文。
  2. 林聖凡(2006)。影響青少年觀賞或參與表演藝術活動之因素。國立臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 高俊雄(2002)。運動休閒事業管理。台北市:志軒。
  4. 孫謹杓(2006)。北部技專校院教師休閒需求、休閒參與及滿意度之研究。國立台灣師範大學運動休閒管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 黃世明、傅建三、傅嘉輝(2007)。私立美術館觀眾休閒動機與休閒滿意度之研究--以朱銘與鴻禧美術館為例。藝術學報,80,185-203。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭月媚(2016)。台灣社區劇場發展歷程研究。臺北藝術大學戲劇學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-147。
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