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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 184 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛筱艷、梁應平(2003)。文化對於基層員工工作負荷過程、角色衝突、角色模糊與工作倦怠之影響研究。文大商管學報,8(1),頁55-78。
  2. 吳宣穎(2010)。表演藝術團體行銷研究─以三個中小型現代劇團為例。未出版之碩士學位論文,國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系:臺北市。
  3. 宋建璋(2013)。臺灣表演藝術行政與管理人員職能研究。未出版之碩士學位論文,國立臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所:臺北市。
  4. 周惠櫻(2011)。影響護理人員工作滿足與情緒耗竭因素之探討。美和學報,31(1),頁115-126。
  5. 林信昌、臧國仁(2001)。新聞從業人員之工作倦怠現象-以臺北市平面媒體路線記者為例。新聞學研究,63,頁91-135。
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