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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊奕琦(2003)《經濟學原理》。台北:智勝文化
  2. 行政院主計處(2011)《人力資源調查統計年報》。
  3. 參考文獻
  4. 書目
  5. 彭懷真(1996)《婚姻與家庭》。台北:巨流。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭彥宏(Yen-Hung Kuo);鄭思裴(Ssu-Pei Cheng);簡怡光(Yi-Kuang Chien);陳綾穗(Lin-Sui Chen);劉景寬(Ching-Kuan Liu)(2015)。活動理論為基礎的服務設計研究:以遠距健康照護服務推廣為例。電子商務學報。17(3)。315-344。 
  2. 黃漢平(2003)。非臨床醫事人力其專業性對醫療服務品質之影響性探討─以臺灣中部地區醫院為例。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士班學位論文。2003。1-105。
  3. 李袖瑜(2008)。醫師所持專業價值對專業評量以及對專業不足之歸因的影響。臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-99。
  4. 張耀懋(2011)。臺灣醫師專業形象的變遷-媒體內容分析。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-163。
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