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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳文德(2002)。導論──「社群」研究的回顧:理論與實踐。陳文德、黃應貴主編,「社群」研究的省思。臺北市:中研院民族所。
  2. Escarpit, Robert(1991)。文學社會學(葉淑燕譯)。臺北:遠流。
  3. Hesmondhalgh, David(2006)。文化產業(廖珮君譯)。臺北:韋伯文化。
  4. 張瑋欣(2008)。獨而不孤──獨立書店經營者的生存心態與職涯變遷。臺灣大學新聞研究所,碩士論文。
  5. Lewis A. Coser, Charles Kadushin, Walter W. Powell (1982). Books : the culture and Commerce of publishing.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉家豪(2016)。在地獨立書店之文化角色與網絡關係。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-116。 
  2. 周忠冠(2016)。台灣特用化學品產業之研發與行銷互動模式研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-150。 
  3. 洪芷寧(2014)。臺灣「獨立刊物」文化生產場域自主性研究。臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-222。 
  4. 陳萱白(2014)。靈活型生產關係與其自主性:以臺灣微型文化事業為例。臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-113。 
  5. 許家瑜(2017)。咖啡館之島:台灣獨立咖啡館的夢想、工作與文化。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2017。1-138。
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