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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bitter & George. (1976). The Exemption of Nonprofit Organizations from Federal Income Taxation. Yale Law Journal, 85.
  2. Byrnes. (2004). 藝術管理這一行 (Management and the Arts) (桂雅文,閻惠群譯)。台北:五觀藝術管理。
  3. Salamon, L. M. (1989). Beyond Privatization: The Tools of Government Action. Washington D.C.:The Urban Institute Press.
  4. Sermerhorn. (1986). Management for Productivity. New York:John Wiley and Sons.
  5. 呂良悌(2005)。從巴黎藝術節看城市文化交流。未出版之碩士論文,淡江大學歐洲研究所,台北縣。
Times Cited (16) 〈TOP〉
  1. 端木芸珊(2010)。從工作者觀點探討台灣影展工作環境及其影響。臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所碩士班學位論文。2010。1-120。 
  2. 黃湘云(2009)。大學劇場經營管理之研究-以國立台北藝術大學展演藝術中心為例。臺北藝術大學藝術行政與管理研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-250。 
  3. 李雅鈴(2013)。核心家庭父職參與、幼兒社會行為發展及學習態度關係之研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-142。 
  4. 林奕秀(2017)。「實地服務導向」的輔導原理與實務對師培生的學習效益評估。國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商學系學位論文。2017。1-58。 
  5. 王鴻偉(2009)。臺北藝術節系列整合行銷傳播之研究。國立臺北教育大學文化產業學系暨藝文產業設計與經營碩士班學位論文。2009。1-147。 
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