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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.張家銘、盧豐華、柯文謙(2005).老年人的感染症緒論.台灣老年醫學雜誌.1(2),51-60。
  2. 4.曲佩芬、李聰明(2002).長期照護機構之重要一環-院內感染控制.台北,感控雜誌,12(2),202-204。
  3. 6.陳鼎達、黃麗卿、鍾嫈嫈、張家銘(2005).護理之家住民因泌尿道感染而住院之調查研究.台灣,台灣老年醫學雜誌,1(2),65-77
  4. 7.謝美芬、顏兆熊(2010).老人之泌尿道感染.當代醫學,436,120-124。
  5. 8.林詩淳、徐明洲、蔡坤維(2010).老人常之泌尿道感染.志維護理,9(5),66-70
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施惠方(2007)。2006年杜哈亞運中華台北女子排球隊比賽得分因素與成績關聯研究。臺灣師範大學運動競技學系學位論文。2007。1-61。
  2. 陳宣瑞(2009)。2008年亞洲男子盃排球錦標賽比賽得分技術與成績關聯研究。臺灣師範大學運動競技學系學位論文。2009。1-69。
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