Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Aihara, Y. , Minai, J., Kikuchi, Y., Aoyama, A.,Shimanouchi, S., (2009). Cognition of social capital in older Japanese men and women. Source Journal of Aging & Health. 21(8):1083-97.
  2. Alavinia, S.M., Burdorf, A. (2008). Unemployment and retirement and ill-health:a cross-sectional analysis across European countries.In Arch Occup Environ Health; 82(1):39-45.
  3. Bamia, C, Trichopoulou, A. (2007). Age at retirement and mortality in a general population sample: the Greek EPIC Study. Am J Epidemiol,167(5: 561-569.
  4. Barrett, A. E. (1999). Social support and life satisfaction among the never married: Examining the effects of age. Research on Aging, 21(1): 46-72.
  5. Berkman, L.F. (2000). Which influences cognitive function : liveing alone or being alone? Lancet, 355 (9212),1291-1292.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅鈺群(2009)。不同課後休閒活動類型對不同教學法之多媒體教材在學習成效上的分析-以國二自然科「莫耳概念」為例。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2009。1-68。 
  2. 許郁翎(2016)。從社會資本觀點看公共圖書館服務對中高齡者之影響。國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學系學位論文。2016。1-249。 
  3. 陳詠榆(2013)。高齡者的健康狀態與社會資本相關性。國立臺灣大學社會工作學系學位論文。2013。1-85。 
  4. 盧尉安(2008)。看電視對老人休閒型態及人際關係互動歷程之影響。元智大學資訊社會學研究所學位論文。2008。1-170。
  5. 鄭志成(2008)。工作壓力和休閒活動參與對國小教師身心健康之研究─以屏東縣為例。亞洲大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-157。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :