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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署國民健康局。民國九十二年台灣地區中老年身心社會生活狀況長期追蹤(第五次)調查成果報告。行政院衛生署國民健康局台灣老人研究叢刊系列十,2006。
  2. 王秀文:老人自覺健康狀況、日常活動能力與憂鬱傾向之研究。亞洲大學暨醫務管理研究所碩士論文,2008。
  3. 王瑞鈴:中老年人憂鬱傾向相關影響因素-變動分析。亞洲大學長期照護研究所碩士論文,2008。
  4. 江信男、林旻沛、柯慧貞:台灣地區老人的生理疾病多寡、自覺生理健康、社會支持度與憂鬱嚴重度。臨床心理學刊 2005;2(1) :11-22。
  5. 江信男:罹病嚴重度、自覺健康、社會支持與臺灣地區老人憂鬱之關係。國立成功大學碩士論文,2004。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉清欣(2013)。企業從業人員工作壓力與心理健康之關聯性探討-以社會支持為調節變項。中原大學心理學系學位論文。2013。1-143。 
  2. 吳瑩柔(2014)。憂鬱傾向對於台灣地區老年人利用預防保健服務之影響。臺中科技大學財政稅務系租稅管理與理財規劃碩士班學位論文。2014。1-61。 
  3. 張淑美(2008)。桃園縣國民小學實施客語教學執行成效之研究-以學校支持系統觀點。中央大學客家政治經濟與政策研究所在職碩士專班學位論文。2008。1-353。
  4. 卓宜陵(2017)。外籍看護工社會支持與憂鬱之相關性探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2017。1-54。
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