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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁學勤(2007).溝通與信任對更換夥伴、未來繼續合作與策略性整合的影響.顧客滿意學刊,3(2),31-56。
  2. 王榮春、陳彰儀(2003).部屬觀點之領導互動論:部屬對主管領導行為的知覺因素與互動內涵初探.應用心理研究,20,181-215。
  3. 王馥庭、李弘暉(2008).交易型領導、信任與組織公民行為之關係.護理雜誌,55(4),87-92。
  4. 呂伊婷(2007).台海兩地紡織業員工對其主管可信特質的感受與其信任行為之比較研究.未發表的碩士論文,台南:長榮大學經營管理研究所。
  5. 呂明蕙、盧美秀、陳品玲、李麗傳(2003).護理長向下影響行為之探討:比較護理長自覺與護理人員知覺之差異.新臺北護理期刊,5(1),37-46。
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