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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 347 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 伍育英、鄭玉英、杜長齡(2009)。多重夫妻支持性團體模式效果之初探-以高風
  2. 李玉嬋(2008)。支持團體在促進糖尿病健康自我管理的運用。諮商與輔導,第
  3. 情緒支持性團體之療效探討。中華團體心理治療,第11 卷3 期,頁1-18。
  4. 周桂如(2006)。Support Groups for Caregivers of Relatives with Mental
  5. 周勵志、黃琇櫻、方翠君(2001)。家庭照顧者短期支持團體經驗報告。中華團體
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張維唐(2009)。桃園縣平鎮高中棒球選手生涯規劃之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-223。
  2. 劉佳蓉(2010)。生涯發展方案融入國中運動代表隊訓練之行動研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-141。
  3. 尹智剛(2012)。足球沙漠中的玫瑰--從汐止俱樂部女足隊的創建與球員生涯規劃看臺灣女足的新出路。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2012。1-96。
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