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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王嵩竑(2008)。護理人員對無線射頻辨識系統接受度模式建構與比較分析:知覺創新特性與科技接受模式觀點。元培學報,15,47-80。
  2. 吳明隆(2003)。SPSS統計應用學習實務:問卷分析與應用統計。台北:知城數位科技股份有限公司。
  3. 吳淑靜、黃蔚仁、孫吉珍、谷幼雄、朱唯勤(2010)。導入資訊化給藥作業系統對於護理人員接受度之影響因子的初步分析。志為護理-慈濟護理雜誌,9(5),71-79。
  4. 宋鎧 等編著(2001)。管理資訊系統 。 台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  5. 李亭亭、施玉珊(2009)。運用創新擴散理論於促進護理資訊系統之推展。護理雜誌,56(3),18-22。
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