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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁學勤(2007)?蔆噫q與信任對更換夥伴、未來繼續合作與策略性整合的影響?褐U客滿意學刊,3(2),31-56。
  2. 王玲玲、林秋芬(2009)?膜騆?住院病人與醫療人員對病人權利之看法 --以臺北市立聯合醫院為例(未發表碩士論文) •台北市:臺北醫學大學。
  3. 李維綸、李佳穎、蔡嬉燕、蔡照文(2011)?膜騆?護理人員表現與病人感受關懷行為之差異性?蓮?和學報,30(2),221-233。
  4. 周雪靜、陳淑月、蔡小瑛、周希誠(2007) ?蔥灝f猶親-癌症病患的「好護士」觀點?蝴篜疻@理,3 (3),188-94。
  5. 林淑英(2003)?蔚瘨E室病患照顧者需求與護理人員自覺重要性之比較?蝴酈艣@理,3(2),15-24。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳奐杰(2007)。遞減強度的長時間持續跑步對脂肪代謝的影響。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2007。1-59。
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