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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文芳、陳玉敏(2004).家屬安置老人於長期照護機構之經驗.長期照護雜誌,8(3),327-344。[Wen, F. W., & Yuh, M. C. (2004). Family experiences of placing the elderly in Long-Term Care Facilities. The Journal of Long-Term Care, 8(3), 327-344.]
  2. 王俐潔、陳威宇、張書展、黃安年、洪榮駿、王瑞霞(2011).消化道末期癌症病患居家主要照顧者之照顧負荷與其相關性因素探討.護理雜誌,58(6),54-64。[Wang, L. C., Chen, W. Y., Chang, S. C., Wong, O. N., Hong, R. J., & Wang, R. H. (2011). Caregiving burden and associated factors among caregivers of terminally Ill gastrointestinal cancer patients. The Journal of Nursing, 58(6), 54-64.]
  3. 田秀娟、邱啟潤(2013).失能者社會參與及其相關因素探討.護理暨健康照護研究,9(3),182-191。[Tien, H. C., & Chiou, C. J. (2013). Study of social participation and related factors in persons with disabilities. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research, 9(3), 182-191.]
  4. 朱翠燕、李素卿、王祖琪、謝瑞雲、李秋玉、林秀麗(2010).女性照顧者負荷之質性研究.北市醫學雜誌,7(2),36-45。[Chu, T. Y., Lee, S. C., Wang, T. C., Hsieh, J. Y., Lee, C. Y., & Lin, H. L. (2010). A qualitative study of burden among female caregivers. Taipei City Medical Journal, 7(2), 36-45.]
  5. 何美瑤、曾明月、許淑敏(2010).居家護理師在長期照顧的角色拓展.護理雜誌,57(4),23-28。[Ho, M. Y., Tseng, M. Y., & Shu, S. M. (2010). The expanding role of home care nurses in Long-Term Care. The Journal of Nursing, 57(4), 23-28.]
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 卓宜陵(2017)。外籍看護工社會支持與憂鬱之相關性探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2017。1-54。
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