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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 160 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁祥興(2012)。自我敘說研究:一種另類心理學。應用心理研究,56,15-18。
  2. 方昱(2009)。反思性社會工作:「漂流社工」的社區實踐與社工教育。東吳社會工作學報,21,83-100。
  3. 王行(2013)。我們如何製造了專業化的趨勢。台灣社會研究季刊,92,225-243。
  4. 王美懿(2013)。完整看見案主才是真正的社工專業-一位資深精神社工的觀點。台灣社會研究季刊,92,257-265。
  5. 王增勇(2005)。導讀:傅柯與社會工作的對話。載於Chambon,Irving&Epstein著,傅科與社會工作(王增勇、范燕燕、官晨怡、廖瑞華、簡憶鈴譯)(頁39-61)。
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