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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.方春生(2011)。應用Porter鑽石模型理論探討兩岸電動車電池產業競爭力。國立交通大學管理學院科技管理學程碩士論文。
  2. 7.李育菁與陳昌郎(2012)。簽署ECFA後臺灣印刷產業競爭力之研究。中華印刷科技年報,430-451。
  3. 15.陳淑真(2010)。以Porter鑽石模型探討銀行業關鍵成功因素分析架構與相對權重之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  4. 20.蕭佳純、董旭英與黃宗顯(2009)。少子化現象對國小教育發展之影響及其因應對策。臺中教育大學學報:教育類,23(1),25-48。
  5. 21.賴柏勳(2007)。台灣記憶體模組產業國際競爭力關鍵要素之實證研究: 以Porter鑽石模型為基礎。國立成功大學企業管理學系研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝政利(2010)。2009年高中男子排球聯賽甲級競賽之標記分析。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-82。 
  2. 楊和鎔(2008)。中華女子排球代表隊參加國際競賽表現之標記分析。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2008。1-110。 
  3. 李敏翠(2017)。以新加坡產業發展策略探討台灣服務業之經營困境。中山大學中國與亞太區域研究所學位論文。2017。1-72。
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