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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7.陳尊賢、李毓琪、蔡呈奇(1998),台灣地區土壤環境重金屬含量調查與分析,環保署委託計畫。
  2. 11.梨木幸男著,林英彥譯(2003),日本對於土壤受汙染之不動產鑑定評價相關
  3. 指示及應留意之事項,土地問題研究季刊。
  4. 12.林英彥(2004)不動產估價實務問題解答,台北:文笙書局 。
  5. 13.行政院環保署(2004),土壤及地下水汙染整治雙年報。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱建頴(2011)。促進污染土地再利用之探討。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2011。1-103。
  2. 張繼元(2016)。中國大陸實行交易策略對我農漁產品之影響: 以臺南市為例。中正大學戰略暨國際事務研究所學位論文。2016。1-138。
  3. 潘勇文(2016)。污染土地再開發之財務可行性分析。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-128。
  4. 方光乾(2017)。兩岸文化交流之研究:從軟實力觀點切入。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2017。1-149。
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