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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.方金寶 (2006 )。以Porter鑽石模型探討台灣文化創意產業發展策略與法規(未出版之碩士論文)。國立成功大學,台南市。
  2. 5.林宗奕 (民 96 )。建構台灣文化創意產業組織創新衡量模式之研究─以創意生活產業為例(未出版之碩士論文)。長榮大學,台南市。
  3. 6.江嘉斌(2010),創業家精神與成長策略之研究-以正達國際光電為例(未出版之碩士論文),國立交通大學,新竹市。
  4. 8.吳奕慧,2004,華人創業家適性量表的建構(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台灣大學,台北市。
  5. 12.邱惠珠(2010)。運用PSED探討女性新生創業家創業成功影響因素之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。長榮大學,台南市。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊松穎(2015)。夜市創業家創業促成因素之研究-層級分析法之運用。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2015。1-83。 
  2. 陳永昌(2015)。消防人員工作壓力來源及因應對策之研究-層級分析法之運用。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2015。1-75。 
  3. 沈清忠(2015)。中華電信服務創新─客服受理作業優化之個案分析。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2015。1-79。 
  4. 梁怡璿(2013)。九份、金瓜石地區文化商品之視覺設計。中原大學商業設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-76。
  5. 鍾清惠(2016)。員工人格特質對組織變革、領導風格與離職傾向之研究—以A文創公司為例。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2016。1-103。
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