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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 呂錦隆、許尹馨,學生對承攬運送業內部行銷與企業評價、求職進入意願關係之研究, 航運季刊,第17期,第3卷,頁 77-96,2008。
  2. 3. 吳太富,人事保證保險取代人事保證之研究,淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士論文,2009。
  3. 4. 李欣輯、廖楷民、楊惠萱、郭彥廉,恆春地震對居民心理、社會、經濟之影響與災害減輕政策,科技發展政策報導,第2期,頁41-56,2009。
  4. 9. 林韋秀、廖學誠,汐止地區店家的洪患災害識覺及調適行為之研究,中華水土保持學報,第36卷,第4期,頁413-427,2005。
  5. 10. 郭彥廉、陳家偉,南部工業區及科學園區製造業廠商水災損失與洪災保險之研究,災害防救科技與管理,第4卷,第1期,頁77-108,2015。
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