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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.李佳蓮,車輛排程問題的廣域搜尋解法,國立成功大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,民國九十五年。
  2. 4.林思安,車輛排程問題影響因子敏感性探討,國立成功大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,民國九十六年。
  3. 11.陳百傑,以啟發式演算法求解時窗限制車輛途程問題,中原大學工業工程所碩士論文,民國九十一年。
  4. 13.黃正賢,時間相依且軟性時窗限制下之車輛途程問題研究,元智大學工業工程研究所碩士論文,民國九十年。
  5. 17.Brandao, J. and Mercer, A, “A tabu search algorithm for the multi-trip vehicle routing and scheduling problem”, European Journal of Operations Research, Vol.100, 1997, pp.180-191.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡銘豈(2016)。航空餐飲品質之關鍵因素-以華膳空廚為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-134。
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