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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1、王上宜(2004)。市場導向對組織績效影響之研究—以戶政機關為例。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 2、王存國、魏小蘭、陳小芬(2006)。全面品質管理之市場導向、學習導向與品質導向三者配合的重要性─以軟體產業為例。中山管理評論,第14卷第2期,頁429-449。
  3. 3、江志民、賴碩亮、謝鑫能(2006),全國休閒農業金額推估之分析。數據分析,1(1) ,頁59-75。
  4. 4、池文海、黃庭鍾、魏國州(2007)。領導型態、組織學習、全面品質管理對於組織機績效之影響---以台灣資訊電子產業為例。明新學報,33卷,頁27-46。
  5. 5、江志民、賴碩亮和謝鑫能(2006)。全國休閒農業金額推估之分析。數據分析,1(1)、59-75。
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